Axle load increase an essential condition for the development of Transsib and Baikal-Amur Mainline
The Russian Railways 2024 investment programme envisages a twofold rail traffic increase from the deposits in Siberia and the Far East. According to Vladimir Sosipatorov, the prospective capacities of the ports will exceed the capacity of the rail infrastructure by 70–80 million tonnes. The top-level executive is confident that the issue can be resolved through the use of technological reserves. Due to fluctuations in load volumes, loaded and empty cars move irregularly across the network. This results in a slowdown in rolling stock turnover, refusals to accept orders and extremes in loaded/empty shipments. Elimination of peak loads will create reserves for a 10–15% growth in carrying capacity.
The issues in the Eastern Section of the Trans-Siberian Railway can be resolved by creating an integrated transport environment based on Russian Railways technologies and the operation of an electronic trading platform. One of the conditions for its creation should be an increase in axle load. This has been proven by the experience of Vostok1520: the contribution of the operator’s cars to the increase in the network's carrying capacity over five years has amounted to 15 million additional tonnes of shipped cargo.
The programme for creating an integrated environment should also provide for:
- long-term 'operator–freight shipper' contracts;
- full logistics cycle ('loaded–empty–loaded' car pipeline);
- distribution of empty shipment routes across the cargo base of the West Siberian, East Siberian and Krasnoyarsk railways.
As a result, a further increase in traffic volumes of 7–8 million tonnes per year can be expected in the EasternSection, as stated by Vladimir Sosipatorov.